Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that often has no symptoms but can be easily cured and treated. The STD affects both men and women. Chlamydia is spread by vaginal, oral or anal sex with someone who has chlamydia and children can get chlamydia during childbirth. It causes serious damage to a womans reproductive system, limiting her chances of getting pregnant and can cause ectopic pregnancy.
Symptoms of chlamydia in men include a burning sensation when urinating, swelling in their testicles and discharge from the penis. In women, there is discharge from the vagina and a burning sensation when urinating as well.
There are preventive methods, like using a condom during sexual intercourse and abstaining from sexual intercourse, but there are treatment solutions that can treat the STD. The most common is antibiotics. Since it is bacterial in nature, antibiotics are effective. It kills the chlamydia bacteria. It is important to note that, other than infected men and women, antibiotics are also given to newborns of mothers who had chlamydia at the time of delivery.
The most common antibiotics for chlamydia are Azithromycin and Doxycycline. If one takes antibiotics correctly, they can be completely cured as they have a 95% cure rate. The medicine should not be shared. The length of treatment and the duration of recuperating all depend on the severity or mildness of the chlamydia at the time. If cases of chlamydia are very serious, intravenous antibiotics are administered in hospital. If the chlamydia has caused severe pelvic infections, surgery may be required in addition to antibiotic treatment. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding could be given different types of antibiotics, so there should no cause for alarm.
If the side effects of the antibiotics become persistent, one should not quit, they should go to the doctor who might give them antibiotics such as amoxicillin which can manage the side effects. The dosage can be lowered or they could change the medicine altogether. After someone has been cured, they should wait till they or their partners are fully treated for them to have sex again to avoid being infected again. It is advisable to go and get tested by the doctor after three months to know whether the chlamydia has been treated.
Despite the serious harm it can do, chlamydia is treatable. All one has to do is visit their doctor in time so that treatment can begin quickly before any serious damage can occur.