What causes receding gums – there is hope

What causes of receding gums?

Receding gums is quite a common occurrence that can be avoided in a number of ways. We are going to look at some of the most common and ways to help with thanks to Cashel Daisley dental practice in Glasgow.

Vigorous brushing

You can damage the gums by brushing your teeth too vigorously. If you use an electric toothbrush, do not use it in the same way you would a regular toothbrush. The purpose of electric toothbrushes is to do the work for you and so brushing in the normal way with an electric toothbrush can harm the gum tissue.  Other possible causes of receding gums include:

  • Smoking – Smoking slows the healing process and increases the risk of gum disease.
  • Pressure from bruxism (grinding or clinching the teeth).
  • Piercings – Tongue piercings can damage the gum tissue.
  • Eating disorders – Bulimia, in particular, is harmful to your gums. This is because when you vomit, a very acidic substance can erode the gum tissue, the bone and the enamel surfaces of the teeth.

What kinds of treatment are available for receding gums?

Gums can often be treated fairly easily if receding gums are identified at an early stage. You gums can be returned to normal condition fairly swiftly if you identify the cause and address it. If, for example, your gum problem is caused by overzealous brushing, your dentist will advise you to brush more gently or indeed switch to a toothbrush with softer bristles. If there is found to be a lot of bacteria in your mouth, your dentist may talk to you about oral hygiene and suggest the use of an antibacterial mouthwash. If sensitive gums are the problem, you may be advised by your dentist to use specially formulated toothpaste for sensitive teeth.

If your condition is more advanced, your dentist may have to take gum tissue from different parts of your mouth and graft it into the affected areas. This tissue may be taken from the roof of your mouth.

Is it possible to prevent reducing gums?

In order to minimise your risk of suffering from receding gums you can take the following steps:

Adopt a good oral hygiene routine.

You should brush your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes each time. Use dental floss and rinse with mouthwash.

See your dentist every 6 to 12 months for a routine checkup.

Be vigilant and look for signs and symptoms, and arrange to see a dentist as soon as you notice any irregularities.

Stop smoking.

If you grind or clench your teeth, see your dentist. They will be able to offer guidance and suggest suitable treatment

Keep an eye on your diet. Avoid acidic foods and try to limit the amount of sugary foods you eat, especially between meals. If you do eat sugary or acidic foods, do not brush your teeth immediately – wait at least 45 minutes. Why? Plaque acid temporarily weakens the enamel surfaces of the teeth so therefore brushing during this time could consequently cause damage to the enamel surface of your teeth.